Rajasthan is famous for its jewellery industry and it is one of the world’s largest centres for hand-cutting of gems. It is India’s important source for precious and semi-precious stones like; Ruby, Emerald, Garnets, Agate, Amethyst, Topaz, Lapis lazuli, Carnelian, etc.
Rajasthan is also known for the art of silver smithy, beginning from anklets to earrings to headgears. A lot of effort goes into its making since most of the rural communities wear silver ornaments. Besides silver, it is known for its Lac bangles, Kundan and Minakari, enamelled gold jewellery, uncut diamonds and emerald-cutting. Another most exclusive art is ‘thewa’ from Chittaur popular for its gold work on the glass. Some of the traditional adornments are Rakhdi (head ornament), Tussi (necklace), Baju Bandh (armlet), Adah (special necklace was worn by Rajputs), Gokhrus (bracelets), Pajebs (anklets), etc.
Feminine Jewellery: Feminine jewellery is more complex than masculine jewellery. Jewellery in India is worn as a complete ensemble and not as an accessory. It is thus quite acceptable to wear more than one necklace around the neck, also in the ears, on the toes and fingers, ornaments on the forehead, in the hair, and so on, any number to be worn at the same time.
Masculine Jewellery : Vanity, a love of opulence and deep aesthetic sense gave the Rajas and Ranas of Rajasthan a great fondness for jewellery. The men were as elaborately and dazzling dressed as the women, with jewellery that often rivalled that of their wives. It was a status symbol and a portable display of wealth, and consequently, power Turban jewellery was the prerogative of the king, his close family or the members of his entourage (including his horse).
Silver Jewellery: Wearing jewellery in the villages symbolizes social and economic status. One can find men and women are bedecked with elaborate silver jewellery as bracelets, rings, pendants, nose pins etc from toe to head. Even today some of the most traditional designs are found in silver jewellery.
Precious And Semi PreciousStones: Rajasthan has rich deposits of precious and semi-precious stones such as emerald, garnet, agate, amethyst, topaz and lapiz lazuli. Each gem is believed to have inherent powers and are used as lucky charms along with their beauty as jewellery pieces.
Kundan Jewellery: A speciality of Rajasthan, is work of Kundan, the jewellery in which kundan is applied, mostly made from a core of lac, a natural resin. Kundan jewellery is a combination of gems and meenakari on either side of an ornament with vibrant colours.
Pratapgarh Jewellery: Pratapgarh has developed its own way of enamel work which has given rise to a new style of jewellery. Here the enamel work is done with gold or silver using coloured glass pieces as the base.
Lac Jewellery: Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur are very famous all over for Lacquered work. Lac bangles, toys and different articles are shoppers delight. Udaipur produces different objects such as tables, lamps and decorative articles in various shapes, sizes and colours.
Meenakari Jewellery: Meenakari is famed for its delicacy and its use of colours. Enamel work is done on both silver and gold ornaments and has flourished under the patronage of kings, queens, sets and princes.
Gold Jewellery: The most demanded metal in Indian jewellery also forms an important part of jewellery in Rajasthan. Starting from 24 ct. to 18 ct., gold jewellery is available in all forms. Along with pure gold, one finds it studded with various precious and semi-precious stones.
Textile Ornamentation: Besides all this jewellery, the saris and the lehengas (long skirts) of the ladies may be richly and heavily embroidered with gold and silver threads. A single grain of gold could be drawn to a length of 500 feet.
Other Materials: Ivory was often used to make jewellery, especially bangles, which are considered an essential part of bridal jewellery. The bangles are often overlaid with gold. They are often dyed in various colours, though the most popular one is red. The production of ivory bangles has now been stopped due to the ban on the use of ivory and has been replaced by plastic or bone. Lac jewellery, usually bangles, are often worn in Rajasthan on all auspicious on all auspicious occasions as a sign of goods omen.
Jewellery Centres: Jaipur market holds the monopoly in the jewellery houses all over India and in the global arena too. This colourful market is popular as the name of Johari Bazaar which ranks among the most exclusive jewellery markets in the world. The variety of ranges is beyond compare and not only does it cater to the elites or the high socialites but a vast collection of semi-precious and silver creations are at display in reasonable prices too. An exclusive Rajasthani traditional work of art is of setting precious stones (diamond chips, precious gems) in solid 22-carat gold, the design and workmanship is beyond compare. It is famous of Jaipur and Jodhpur. Rajasthan is a land where tradition has been imbibed into every aspect of life.